Hallmarks of Montessori Education
Learning Triangle
The teacher, child and environment create a learning triangle. The classroom is prepared by the teacher to encourage independence, freedom within limits, and a sense of order. The child, through individual choice, makes use of what the environment offers to develop himself, interacting with the teacher when support and/or guidance is needed.
Multiage Groupings
Multiage groupings are a hallmark of the Montessori Method: younger children learn from older children; older children reinforce their learning by teaching concepts they have already mastered. This arrangement also mirrors the real world, where individuals work and socialize with people of all ages and dispositions.
Absorbent Mind
Dr. Montessori observed that children experience sensitive periods, or windows of opportunity, as they grow. As their students develop, Montessori teachers match appropriate lessons and materials to these sensitive periods when learning is most naturally absorbed and internalized. In early childhood, Montessori students learn through sensory-motor activities, working with materials that develop their cognitive powers through direct experience: seeing, hearing, tasting, smelling, touching, and movement.
Application of Knowledge
In the elementary years, the child continues to organize his thinking through work with the Montessori learning materials and an interdisciplinary curriculum as he passes from the concrete to the abstract. He begins the application of his knowledge to real-world experiences. This organization of information—facts and figures—prepares the child for the world of adolescence, when thought and emotion evolve into understanding more abstract, universal concepts such as equity, freedom, and justice.
Liberty of Thinking
In terms of transitioning an elementary child to a compulsory school, we encourage exchange of ideas and work between the children. Their good communication skills and flexibility facilitate their subsequent transition to a new academic environment, as well as contribute to living their lives with pleasure and interest.
Studies have shown that the best predictor of future success is high self-esteem. At the heart of Montessori program is independent work of a child and assistance in the development of positive self-esteem and confidence, no competition encouraged between the children. All these makes children able to solve any problems in the future and change the world for the better with optimism.